GHG Report for University of Maryland University College
Submitted on November 23, 2010; last updated on December 2, 2012
Summary StatisticsMaking fair comparisons between higher education institutions is always challenging due to the rich diversity of higher education. The unverified nature of the information in this database and unavailability of unbiased normalization metrics means such comparisons are even more difficult. Users should therefore approach direct institution to institution comparisons with caution and recognize that all comparisons between institutions are inherently biased.
|Total||Per Full-Time Enrollment||Per 1000 Square Feet||% Offset|
|Gross emissions (Scopes 1 + 2)||10,287 metric tons of CO2e||0.6 metric tons of CO2e||10.3 metric tons of CO2e||0%|
|Gross emissions (Scopes 1 + 2 + 3)||22,621 metric tons of CO2e||1.2 metric tons of CO2e||22.7 metric tons of CO2e||0%|
|Net emissions||22,572 metric tons of CO2e||1.2 metric tons of CO2e||22.7 metric tons of CO2e||N/A|
Emissions Inventory Methodology and Boundaries
|Start date of the 12-month period covered in this report||January 1, 2009|
|Consolidation methodology used to determine organizational boundaries||Financial control approach|
If any institution-owned, leased, or operated buildings or other holdings that should fall within the organizational boundaries are omitted, briefly explain why.
No buildings or facilities that fell within the organizational boundary (financial control) were omitted.
|Emissions calculation tool used||Clean Air-Cool Planet|
Please describe why this tool was selected.
The calculator enabled easy entry and conversion of collected data to its carbon dioxide equivalent based on global warming potential. The CACP Campus Carbon Calculator inventoried all six greenhouse gases outlined by the Kyoto treaty. It adapted protocols established by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for national-level GHG accounting for use at an academic institution.
Please describe the source(s) of the emissions coefficients used.
CA-CP Campus Carbon Calculator's default emissions coefficients.
|Which version of IPCC's list of global warming potentials did you use?||No information provided|
|Who primarily conducted this emissions inventory?||External consultant|
Please describe the process of conducting the inventory.
University operational boundary activities referred to as University GHG emissions included all those outlined in the WRI/WBCSD GHG protocol. Scope 1 emissions are associated with on-campus stationary sources, including the University fleet (gasoline), agricultural activities (fertilizer application), purchased gas (for steam generation), and fugitive emissions from hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) from HVAC systems. Scope 2 emissions include purchased electricity. Scope 3 considers GHG emissions associated with students and faculty/staff commuting in personally-owned vehicles, air travel for university-related activities, landfill emissions that resulted from University generated solid waste, waste water, and paper procurement. The off-campus activities of UMUC community members (e.g., energy consumption from student and faculty/staff housing) are outside the scope of this study. Also, with the exception of paper, all upstream GHG emissions associated with the production of equipment (e.g., electronics) and materials (e.g., construction materials) used by the University are not included. The GHG protocol (WRI/WBCSD 2004) requires organizations to account for Scopes 1 and 2, but leaves Scope 3 optional. The University of Maryland University College GHG inventory includes Scope 3, which means it takes the broadest perspective possible under the protocol.
Please describe any emissions sources that were classified as de minimis and explain how a determination of the significance of these emissions was made.
There were no emissions sources excluded from this inventory and no sources classified as de minimis.
Please describe any data limitations related to this submission and any major assumptions made in response to these limitations.
Quantifying the GHG emissions from commuter traffic proved to be one of the most challenging tasks. Due to a lack of transportation-related surveys, average commuting behavior (e.g. carpool, single driver, frequency of trips to campus, commuting distance) was not available. To estimate the commuting contribution to GHG emissions, a new protocol was developed including the following assumptions:
Emissions from the following sources (in metric tons of CO2e)
|Scope 1 Emissions|
|Stationary Combustion||797.3 metric tons of CO2e|
|Mobile Combustion||13.7 metric tons of CO2e|
|Process Emissions||6.1 metric tons of CO2e|
|Fugitive Emissions||0.0 metric tons of CO2e|
|Total Scope 1 emissions||817.1 metric tons of CO2e|
|Scope 2 Emissions|
|Purchased Electricity||9,469.9 metric tons of CO2e|
|Purchased Heating||0.0 metric tons of CO2e|
|Purchased Cooling||0.0 metric tons of CO2e|
|Purchased Steam||0.0 metric tons of CO2e|
|Total Scope 2 emissions||9,469.9 metric tons of CO2e|
|Scope 3 Emissions|
|Commuting||9,609.8 metric tons of CO2e|
|Air Travel||1,451.7 metric tons of CO2e|
|Solid Waste||180.9 metric tons of CO2e|
|Paper and Wastewater||95.6 metric tons of CO2e|
|Transmission and Distribution||936.3 metric tons of CO2e|
|Other Financed Travel||59.3 metric tons of CO2e|
|Total Scope 3 emissions||12,333.6 metric tons of CO2e|
|Biogenic Emissions from Stationary Combustion||No information provided|
|Biogenic Emissions from Mobile Combustion||No information provided|
|Carbon offsets purchased||No information provided|
|Offset verification program(s)||No information provided|
Description of offsets purchased (including vendor, project source, etc.)
No information provided
|Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs)|
|Total RECs purchased||None kWh|
|Percent of total electricity consumption mitigated through the purchase of RECs||None %|
|Emissions reductions due to the purchase of RECs||No information provided|
|REC verification program(s)||No information provided|
Description of RECs purchased (including vendor, project source, etc.)
No information provided
|Sequestration and Carbon Storage|
|Sequestration due to land owned by the institution||No information provided|
Description of how sequestration was calculated
No information provided
|Carbon storage due to composting||48.6 metric tons of CO2e|
Normalization and Contextual Data
|Gross square feet of building space||995,198.0 sq ft|
|Net assignable square feet of laboratory space||No information provided|
|Net assignable square feet of health care space||No information provided|
|Net assignable square feet of residential space||No information provided|
|Total Student Enrollment (FTE)||18368.0|
|Residential Students||No information provided|
|Full-time Commuter Students||No information provided|
|Part-time Commuter Students||No information provided|
|Non-Credit Students||No information provided|
|Full-time Faculty||No information provided|
|Part-time Faculty||No information provided|
|Full-time Staff||No information provided|
|Part-time Staff||No information provided|
|Other Contextual Data|
|Endowment Size||No information provided|
|Heating Degree Days||4851|
|Cooling Degree Days||944|
Please describe any circumstances specific to your institution that provide context for understanding your greenhouse gas emissions this year.
Significant growth occurred within the established boundaries of the GHG inventory. The number of students, faculty and staff increased by 8, 4 and 29 percent between 2008 and 2009, respectively. Additionally, the total physical space captured in the inventory increased by 230,359 square feet, or 30 percent, between 2008 and 2009 as a result of the Academic Center at Largo.
|Completed inventory narrative||
Carbon Footprint of the University of Maryland University College: An Inventory of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (CY 2009)
|Completed inventory calculator||No information provided|